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Patient Resources


Infusion therapy involves the administration of medication through a needle or catheter (intravenous or IV), typically when patients are not able to take medications orally. Home infusion of IV antibiotics or antifungals is prescribed by a doctor for select patients who are well enough to be treated at home, but cannot be adequately treated with oral medications. Appropriate IV access is essential. Only a small number of bacterial infections need to be treated with IV antibiotics in the home. Many mild to moderate infections can be effectively treated with oral antibiotics. Unfortunately, because of the increasing incidence of antibiotic resistance in hospitals and the community, many infections that once had oral antibiotic options can now only be treated with intravenous antibiotics. Pharmacists provide careful drug monitoring and patient assessment for safe delivery of infusion therapy and follow Infectious Disease Society guidelines for multidrug resistant infections.

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Enteral Nutrition

Enteral nutrition generally refers to any method of feeding that uses the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to deliver part or all of a persons caloric requirements. It can include a normal oral diet, the use of liquid supplements or delivery of part or all of the daily requirements using a feeding tube.

Immunoglobulin Replacement Therapy

IG stand for immunoglobulin. It is a purified plasma treatment that contains antibodies collected from the plasma of healthy donors and purified through a special process so that the therapy is safe and effective. Most of the antibodies are of the IgG class of antibodies, also called immunoglobulin G or gamma globulin which neutralizes toxins that cause bacterial and viral infections. This set of immunogenic response, pooled from thousands of patients, can be used to treat diseases where the patient has less than a normal functioning immune system or, conversely, for patients that have an overly active immune system that is attacking parts of the patients own body. For patients with immune deficiency disorders, IG is given as a “replacement” therapy and provides them with the antibodies that they are either missing or which are malfunctioning. In patients with autoimmune neurological or dermatological disorders, IG provides healthy antibodies to block the immune and inflammatory processes and bind rogue autoantibodies and remove them from circulation.

Parenteral Nutrition Therapy

Parenteral nutrition refers to the delivery of calories and nutrients into a vein (aka, intravenous or IV). There are many types of parenteral nutrition which may include carbohydrate calories delivered as simple sugar in an IV solution or several different types of nutrients including carbohydrates, protein, fat, electrolytes (for example, sodium and potassium), vitamins and trace elements (for example, copper and zinc). There are many reasons for parenteral nutrition including GI disorders such as bowel obstruction, short bowel syndrome, Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis as well as for certain cancers or in comatose patients. While enteral nutrition is always preferred when technically possible, some people may have a variety of medical issues that make the safe use of the GI tract difficult. Alternatively, their calorie and nutrient needs may not be met by the current level of functioning of their GI tract. That is when parenteral nutrition using an IV route may be needed to help an individual remain hydrated and provide calories and other nutrients to allow for growth and development or maintenance of physical well-being and function.

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Vital Care of Central Mississippi
159 Fountains Blvd, Suite B
Madison, MS 39110


Monday – Friday: 8:00am – 5:00pm
*Please call for After Hours service

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